What Is Microcytic Anemia?

What is the difference between Macrocytic and Microcytic anemia?

Macrocytic anemia means that the red blood cells are larger than normal.

In microcytic anemia, the cells are smaller than normal.

We use this classification because it helps us to determine the cause of the anemia.

The most common causes of macrocytic anemia are vitamin B-12 and folate deficiency..

Why are RBC small in Microcytic anemia?

In microcytic anaemia, the red blood cells (erythrocytes) contain less hemoglobin and are usually also hypochromic, meaning that the red blood cells appear paler than usual.

Is Microcytic anemia common?

Anemia of chronic disease is frequently associated with inflammatory, infectious, or neoplastic diseases. The degree of anemia is usually mild to moderate, with the hematocrit generally in the 30% to 40% range. Red blood cells are characteristically normocytic. Microcytosis is common, however.

What is the difference between anemia and iron deficiency?

Anemia is a condition where the blood doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells. Although iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia, it is only one of many. It occurs when the body doesn’t have enough iron to make red blood cells.

What causes Microcytic anemia?

Microcytic anemias are caused by conditions that prevent your body from producing enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a component of your blood. It helps transport oxygen to your tissues and gives your red blood cells their red color. Iron deficiency causes most microcytic anemias.

How does iron deficiency cause Microcytic anemia?

Iron deficiency hypochromic microcytic anemia is caused due to disruption of iron supply in diet due to decreased iron content in the diet, pathology the small intestines like sprue and chronic diarrhea, gastrectomy, and deficiency of vitamin C in the diet.

Is thalassemia a Microcytic anemia?

Thalassemia is microcytic-hypochromic anemia. It is caused by the decreased synthesis of 1 or several globin chains. Since globin synthesis is flawed, the disease is one of the so-called hemoglobinopathies. Depending on which globin chain is affected by the disorder, one speaks of α- or ß-thalassemia.

What is the most common cause of microcytic anemia?

Iron deficiency is the most common cause of microcytic anemia. The absence of iron stores in the bone marrow remains the most definitive test for differentiating iron deficiency from the other microcytic states, ie, anemia of chronic disease, thalassemia, and sideroblastic anemia.

How can I quickly raise my iron levels?

Some general tips for getting more iron and improving absorption include:eating more iron-rich foods, such as lean meats, nuts, beans, lentils, dark leafy vegetables, and fortified breakfast cereals.consuming a variety of heme and non-heme iron sources.More items…